I think most people learn about what the ancient Greeks did in the field of science and mathematics, what the Roman empire did in the field of engineering and then what western Europeans did in all three from about the 15th century onwards. Very few people learn about what the Arab world did in the intermediate period.
There was an Islamic empire for several centuries that ran from Spain in the west along the whole coast of north Africa, including what we now call the middle east and extended as far as India. The general philosophy was that God created everything so it was mankind's duty to try to understand everything that existed. They tried to gather together all knowledge in the world into great centres of learning including copies of every book that existed, translated into Arabic, and scholars from all countries. It was warlike, in the sense that the empire was created by waging war, but it was also progressive. There was no pressure on non-Muslims to convert to Islam and scholars of all religions worked and lived happily together. Many in the west today regard Islamic culture as very regressive, with some justification, but really it is not intrinsic to Islam just to certain sects within Islam. Every religion in the world, Judaism, Christianity, Islam, Hinduism, Buddhism, Sikhism, Taoism etc has within it extreme and regressive groups.
I am not an historian, so I know little about the history of any area or period, but as a scientist/engineer I do like to know about the science of all ages and everywhere in the world. Every new discovery in science is built on the foundations of every scientific discovery that went before and every new development in engineering is derived from that science.