Retired in Crete wrote:...Secondly, remember that Greek justice operates under the Napoleonic system where the prosecution does not have to prove your guilt, the onus is on you to prove your innocence...
I would describe it as a not totally accurate statement.
1 On 10 December 1948, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights was adopted by the General Assembly of the United Nations. Greece was one of the 48 countries who voted for this declaration. No country voted against it although there were 8 abstentions. Article 11 of this declaration states: "Everyone charged with a penal offence has the right to be presumed innocent until proved guilty according to law in a public trial at which he has had all the guarantees necessary for his defence.".
2 The Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms of the Council of Europe has been adopted by Treaty and is binding on all EU member states, which includes Greece. Article 6.2 of that convention states: "Everyone charged with a criminal offence shall be presumed innocent until proved guilty according to law".
3 This myth about guilty until proven innocent does not even apply in France. Article 9 of the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen 1789, (Note the date) which has force as constitutional law, begins: "Any man being presumed innocent until he has been declared guilty ...". The Code of Criminal Procedure states in its preliminary article that "any person suspected or prosecuted is presumed innocent for as long as their guilt has not been established" and the jurors' oath repeats this assertion (article 304).
It is true that the Greek legal courts follow an "inquisitorial system" as implemented by Napoleon rather than the "adversarial system" used in the UK. It also uses a combination of judges and lay jurors to determine guilt rather than a simple juror system as used in the UK. It does not, however mean that you are guilty until proven innocent.
What really happened under the French system of that period was a de facto (in practise) presumption of guilt in that people could be remanded in custody for extended periods without the case being tested. That is replicated today in Guantanamo Bay, for example, so is not unique, and is the reason the myth arises. There has never been a de jure (in law) presumption of guilt in France or Greece and neither is there in France or Greece today.